University of Pittsburgh, Summer Term 1998
Ben Eggleston, Instructor
Philosophy 0320—CRN 01205: Social Philosophy (writing)
mailbox: CL 1001—office: CL 1428E
Mondays, 6 p.m. to 9 p.m., in CL 340
office hours: Sundays and Mondays, 4:45 p.m. to 5:45 p.m.

Quiz no. 2

June 8, 1998

On the front of this sheet of paper, answer each of the following questions. Provide a distinct answer for each question, numbering your answers as you proceed. Before turning in your quiz, fold this sheet of paper in half, lengthwise (i.e., so that the crease goes from top to botton, down the middle), and write your name on the back. Only answers written on the front will influence your grade, and nothing written on the front should reveal your identity.

  1. Rousseau thinks humans have “two principles that are prior to reason.” What do these two principles tell people?
  2. What does Rousseau identify as the “specific quality which distinguishes them [man and animal] and about which there can be no argument”?
  3. Rousseau says that Hobbes should have said that the state of nature is a peaceful one. Why, according to Rousseau, did Hobbes say “precisely the opposite” of this?
  4. What does Rousseau identify as “the first yoke [people] imposed on themselves without realizing it”?
  5. What ills does Rousseau say are “the first effect of property and the inseparable offshoot of incipient inequality”?
  6. What does Rousseau mean by “the final state of inequality” being “the extreme point that closes the circle and touches the point from which we started”?