University of Pittsburgh, Summer Term 1998
Ben Eggleston, Instructor
Philosophy 0320—CRN 01205: Social Philosophy (writing)
mailbox: CL 1001—office: CL 1428E
Mondays, 6 p.m. to 9 p.m., in CL 340
office hours: Sundays and Mondays, 4:45 p.m. to
Quiz no. 2, make-up no. 2
June 18, 1998
On the front of this sheet of paper, answer each of the following questions.
Provide a distinct answer for each question, numbering your answers as
you proceed. Before turning in your quiz, fold this sheet of paper in half,
lengthwise (i.e., so that the crease goes from top to botton, down the
middle), and write your name on the back. Only answers written on the front
will influence your grade, and nothing written on the front should reveal
- What does Rousseau say the “Savage man” would do if someone stole his
dinner? What does he say the “man in society” would do?
- What is the gist of Rousseau’s answer to the question of whether we
should just “destroy societies, annihilate thine and mine, return to live
in the forests with the bears”? (Notice that Rousseau’s answer has two
parts, one for those “who recognize for your species no other destination
except to end this brief life in peace” and one for those “whose passions
have forever destroyed their original simplicity.”)
- Rousseau says that Hobbes should have said that the state of nature
is a peaceful one. Why, according to Rousseau, did Hobbes say “precisely
the opposite” of this?
- What does Rousseau identify as the source of all the social virtues
and the maxim “Do what is good for you with the least possible harm to
- What does Rousseau identify as “the first yoke [people] imposed on
themselves without realizing it”?
- What does Rousseau mean by “the final state of inequality” being “the
extreme point that closes the circle and touches the point from which we