University of Pittsburgh, Summer Term 1997
Philosophy 0330: Political Philosophy
Ben Eggleston, Instructor

Second Quiz, Make-up no. 1

June 5, 1997

On the front of this sheet of paper, answer each of the following questions. Provide a distinct answer for each question, numbering your answers as you proceed. Your answers will be graded according to preciseness as well as accuracy. Before turning in your quiz, fold this sheet of paper in half, lengthwise (i.e., so that the crease goes from top to botton, down the middle), and write your name on the back. Only answers written on the front will influence your grade, and nothing written on the front should reveal your identity.

  1. Why does Hobbes say that it’s impossible for the sovereign to commit injustice?
  2. What is Hobbes’s reply to the objection that such a powerful sovereign would be oppressive to live under?
  3. According to Locke, what is the main command of the law of nature?
  4. According to Locke, how does a person acquire private property without getting the consent of other people?
  5. What does Locke say is the “chief end” of political society? What features of the state of nature hinder the attainment of this end?